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Introduction N.C.B. Cairo

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The first meeting to discuss international cooperation titled “International Committee of Criminal Police” was held in 1933 in Vienna, Austria. But the work of this committee ceased as World War II broke down. The true birth of Interpol was in 1956 when its present name; International Criminal Police Organization (I.C.P.O Interpol) was accredited. Currently, Interpol member- states are 186 states. It is the greatest police organization on the international level and it is located in Lyon / France.


Why has the Interpol been thought of?

The Interpol was established in enhancement of international police cooperation to combat the organized crime. The technological development has changed the entire world into a smaller village where crime has become transnational. As the criminals / offenders have made full use of technology... and... when dangerous criminality has become transnational, the countries nowadays have become – than ever- in need of international police cooperation.


What is Interpol` s function?

Interpol is seeking to encourage international police cooperation... i.e. to help the police services all over the world to cooperate with each other and to work together in combating criminality. Due to the fair and neutral role played by Interpol on the international level, its basic constitution prohibits it to interfere in any activities of political, military, religious or racial character.
  • Interpol's work is covering various specialized areas such as prevention of terrorism, drug production and illicit trafficking, weapon/ firearm smuggling and trafficking, money laundering and financial crimes committed by means of advanced technology and corruption.


  • Interpol works 24/7 with four official languages (Spanish, English, Arabic and French). It receives criminal information/data from the member states, stores them on databases, analyze, and circulate them to all member states. Interpol's General Secretariat plays a basic role in the exchange of data/ information through encouraging the member states to use 1-24/7 system which allows its users 24/7 auto search for world compiled data/ information stored on the central database in Lyon.


  • To issue all various types of international notices, whether to search for fugitive offenders ( red notices ) , missing persons ( yellow notices ) ,unidentified corpses ( black notices ) , inquiry notices ( blue notices ) ,and precaution / warning notices ( green/orange notices) as well as specialized circulars (periodical notices) such as weekly intelligence relating to narcotic drugs or notices on counterfeited currencies.


  • To organize various international conferences and symposiums for the purpose of exchanging of experience to improve international cooperation.


  • To provide services in the field of criminal evidence (fingerprints and DNA) and disaster victim identification (DVI).
By whom the Interpol is financed?

The member states (186 at present) finance Interpol... as their governments pay annual contributions. These contributions are calculated in accordance with specific criteria guided by those countries payments to (UNO)... and Interpol's annual budget amounts to approx. forty million euros (e 40,000,000).


How is Interpol operated?

  • The executive committee supervises General Assembly’s resolutions and General Secretariat’s work. It consists of thirteen members (chairman, three deputies and eight members) besides the Secretary General by virtue of his position. These members are selected by election, while the geographical distribution is taken into consideration. The chairman is elected for four years and his deputies and members for three years.


  • The General Secretariat, consists of a group of departments that work inside the organization including officials from different countries, headed by the Secretary General who is the supreme executive official in the organization, nominated by the executive committee and elected by the General Assembly’s majority of two thirds of votes for five renewable years . He is the principal who is responsible for administrating the General Secretariat which is in charge of the daily operation of international police cooperation. And the Secretary General is trusted to carry out decisions made by both the General Assembly and the executive committee.
Each member state in the Interpol has a national central bureau that includes officers and officials who work under their national departments and the national central bureau in The Arab Republic of Egypt; The Arab and International Criminal Police Department is one of the departments of Public Security Sector, located at Police Academy Premises, Abbassia Sq., Cairo.

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